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February 09 2012


Residential Security: Protecting Your loved ones, Home and Valuables - An intro

This short article and also the rest of the residential security series is for anybody who needs to improve their level of security in your own home. Even though series comes with an focus on residential security, this may naturally bring about an increase in your height of personal security. It really is substantially different to the protection of corporate, commercial and industrial premises, which is handled in numerous group of articles. Aviation and maritime security won't be handled in the present or forthcoming series.

There are many reasons the reason why you can decide to improve on or improve your level of personal security together with the security of your family, home and valuables. Due to the worth of human life, then the merchandise of most your work, the decision to improve your level of security should always be proactive rather than reactive.

Proactive reasons include upping your degree of security: for reductions inside the cost of insurance, especially in respect of contents insurance; in line with threats for example an increase in local crime involving residential premises; or following recent purchase of fixed or moveable assets. These examples are by no means exhaustive. Generally we proactively boost the level of our security like a precaution and simply for increased peace of mind.

Reactive reasons include boosting your amount of security as a consequence of: as a direct or indirect victim of your crime, including crimes perpetrated against part of all your family members, friends or family; significant changes to personal status like a substantial rise in your wealth or position; or trouble for yourself forms of languages; or because of ill-health. Again, the examples are certainly not exhaustive. Generally we reactively increase the degree of our security following 'incidents', like a preventative practice against future incidents (actual risk) and again for increased peace of mind in this respect.

However , rogues reactive state requires that you've got already suffered damage (including perhaps accidental injury) or loss (including perhaps that of life). It is therefore more good for act in the proactive manner instead of a reactive one.

There are lots of precautions it is possible to and really should decide to try keep your security and safety. These precautions does apply to the residential premises and will include three core areas of activity, which can be to:


Initially you should look at the nature of risk as it applies to you, your loved ones along with your assets, exploring the many factors influencing risk. Secondly you appraise and decide on differing levels and types of controls that may be carried out manage, reduce or eliminate risk. Thirdly you appear at how you should manage and keep controls and even more importantly avoid complacency.


You ought to carry out an assessment termed as a 'risk assessment' to be able to identify hazards, quantify risks, evaluate and implement controls and manage your resulting home security system by means of set procedures.

A hazard is definitely an unavoidable risk, which even if foreseeable can cause unavoidable damage or loss. A hazard can also be the lack or absence of predictability (i.e. chance or uncertainty). A hazard is merely whatever gets the possibility to cause harm or loss.

A risk will be the degree of probability that damage or loss could occur, including the type and extent of damage or loss. A risk is just the chance that damage or loss could appear in specific situations.

A risk assessment is a process of estimating the severity and probability of anything that could directly or indirectly result in damage or loss. Severity may be the 'extent of damage or loss' and chances are high the 'chance that damage or loss could actually happen'. By damage we mean trouble for ourselves or others, such as the environment; by loss we also imply that of life. This assessment comprises either or both a quantitative and qualitative appraisal of hazards (i.e. unavoidable risks) and (avoidable) risks. Note that through out this article we make reference to both 'hazards and risks' as 'risks' for reasons of brevity.

Quantitative risk assessment uses modelling to discover the probability of what can fail, how likely it is to occur and how severe the impact. Answers are often represented with a numerical percentile, for example "there can be a 24% chance of a particular outcome or occurrence."

Qualitative risk assessment is dependant on qualitative data or supplies a qualitative result. Email address details are often represented by a statement, such as "there is really a moderate to high-risk of a particular outcome or occurrence."

When conducting your risk assessment there are a variety of common risks that will routinely be considered. As well as these there are several other risks typically associated with residential premises. Together these might not account for all the possible risks associated with your particular premises or indeed circumstances. These common risks include in no particular order:

Home Invasion
Unsafe Condition

Keep in mind that risk may increase or decrease in terms of both severity and likelihood and also the scale of risk can also depend on who you are, where you reside, how you live, if you are in and away and everything you have in, on and around your premises.

Within the next article we take a closer look at how you can carry out a simple form of risk assessment, considering typical factors influencing risk and just how this relates to residential premises. It is important to note that there are many reputable security consultants and contractors that may perform formal risk assessments for your benefit. Within our opinion (as risk assessments tend to be totally free) it will be valuable to get at least two assessments carried out addition to your own.


After you have conducted your risk assessment it's time to consider what thing to do and what measures to include spot to manage, reduce and sometimes eliminate risk. Controls may be split up into principal types as follows:

Environmental Controls: including elements for example location, landscape, architecture and build.
Physical Controls: including elements including fencing and gating, locks, lighting, safety equipment, safes, strong-rooms and panic-rooms.
Electronic Controls: including elements including fire and intrusion detection, surveillance (and remote monitoring). Remember that electronic controls in many cases are employed in managing physical controls.
Operational Controls: including elements for example set procedures for your management and upkeep of your home alarm system.
Precautionary Controls: which include elements such as incidental or planned shutdown and storage procedures when away for longer periods, including controls: concerning the presence of 'sitters' like a child, house or pet-sitter; random visits (patrols) from the security company, family or neighbour; and maybe even security officers and or guard dogs.

The examples provided above are in not a way exhaustive. Controls should however often be proportionate towards the risk. Any integrated security system means that you may have to obtain accustomed to conducting a quantity of tasks or activities in relation to it. Overly complex (i.e. way too many controls) will influence your own personal life and living arrangements towards the extent which they become prohibitive even going to you.

There's always a price a part of implementing controls. Should you employ a very complex system, costs (installation, monitoring and maintenance) increases proportionately and this might have you investing disproportionately in your security system. A simple example of this is spending an asset (i.e. money) on protecting another asset of less value (for example spending thousands over a top quality safe to help keep secure assets worth only some hundred).

In the future articles we take a closer look at how you can appraise and decide on what controls to implement, taking into consideration costs as well as factors influencing risk. You should observe that there are numerous reputable security contractors that can implement (install) controls on your behalf. We recommend that controls of certain specifications are installed by industry approved contractors - because this might have an impact on many factors such as operability, capital outlay, degree of security, degree of damage or loss suffered or prevented also it can even effect insurance contributions and claims.


Now that you have decided on the mandatory controls and possess implemented your home alarm system, there is a responsibility to keep up the efficiency of this system. When the product is not maintained, it can neglect to the extent it reintroduces or increases risk, leaves you ready to accept the first risks which is why the controls were implemented and thus becomes a liability.

The next terms (representing precautionary activities to become carried out) are symbolic of taking care of an effective home alarm system:

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Train: making certain you and your family knows how the home security system works and ways to properly operate it. This also includes those you utilize, as an example 'sitters'.
Inspect: undertaking regular inspections from the state of controls and get the job done control indicates an earlier try to breach your home security system.
Test: performing regular tests of controls and determining whether these work as expected. Many of the relevant concerning electronic and powered controls.
Service: making sure controls will be in a good state of repair and operate at optimum efficiency.
Repair: ensuring that any ineffective or damaged controls are fixed or replaced to use at optimum efficiency.
Update: regularly examine controls to ascertain whether updating a specific control will assist in reducing risk further. Including making sure you have the up-to-date version of the particular control, especially controls utilising communications or software support.
Replace: redundant controls with improved controls or add new controls based on emerging threats or increased risk.
Remove: redundant controls that are will no longer required or people who through development of other controls now inhibit the security system.

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In the future articles we'll take particular notice at constituent elements involved with these procedures. Again, it is recommended that controls of certain specifications are maintained by industry approved contractors, especially in terms of servicing, repair, replacement or removal. You should in any case keep a log of the activity and who it absolutely was performed as well as keeping your insurer informed associated with a significant changes in your home alarm system.

It is important to note that one of the most significant risks to your home security system will be the human condition of complacency. As complacency may have serious repercussions it's regarded as a moderate to high-risk in itself. It is important to make sure that you have precautionary controls in place in order to avoid complacency, which will be discussed down the road inside the series.

As we can see there are lots of elements to undertaking a task for the development of your home security system. The complexity of residential security has a tendency to boost in line using the amount of threat. Your requirements may only have to have a minimum rather than a moderate or most of security. Depending on your needs there's a sliding scale of control you will have to implement to manage common, residential-specific and personal threats. During the series you'll begin to gather what exactly is right for you in terms of your security requirements. It's not necessary to do it yourself, remembering that there are many trade recognised and industry registered security professionals that'll be ready to concede certain elements (including risk assessments) about the premise of gaining future business from you. Always shop around for the best deal, which of course never means the cheapest.

Don't be the product, buy the product!